On the fourteenth day of the Month Kasada, the inhabitants of Tengger Mountain range gather at the rim of Mount Bromo's active crater to present annual offerings of rice, fruit, vegetables, flowers, live stock and other local produce to the God of the Mountain. As adherents of religion combining elements of Hinduism and Mahayana Buddhism the Tenggerese ask for blessing from the supreme God Hyang Widi Wasa.
The Kasada ceremony opens with the inauguration of the honored members of Tenggerese society. Followed by a classical ballet performance which recounts the legend of Roro Anteng and Joko Seger at the open theatre in the village of Ngadisari. At midnight is the inauguration of new priest at the 'Poten' on the sand sea of Mt. Bromo.
Legend Of Kasada Ceremony
According to legend, the Kasada ceremony dates back to their time of the Majapahit Kingdom, during the reign of King Brawijaya. The queen of the Kingdom gave birth to a daughter named Roro AnTENG, who married Jaka SeGER a young man from the Brahmin Caste. These two were among those who fled eastward from Majapahit as the religion of Islam expanded in Java during the 15th century. Setting in the Tengger range Jaka Seger and Rara Anteng ruled the region jointly under the title Purbawisesa Mangkurat Ing Tengger. The word 'Tengger' itself is said to have been derived from a combination of the last syllables of the two rulers names: 'Teng' and 'Ger'.
Another meaning of the word Tengger is 'Tenggering Budi Luhur', meaning eternal peace and high morality. For some years the region flourished under the leadership of Jaka Seger and Rara Anteng, yet the king and queen were unhappy for their had no children. They decided therefore to climb to the top of Mt. Bromo and pray for help. Moved by the depth of their faith, the god of Mt. Bromo assured them of offspring but with the conditin that the youngest child be sacrificed in the crater of the volcano. After a giving birth to 25 children, the time came for Roro Anteng and to fulfil her part of pledge.
Since they were reluctant however they were threatened with catastrophe. At length they were forced to comply with the god's wishes and their 25th child, named Kesuma was thrown into the crater. As the child was sacrificed a voice was heard to echo "My beloved brothers and sisters I Have been sacrificed by ourparents to appear before Hyang Widi. Be in peace and live prosperously never forgetting to perform worship. As reminder ask you to perform an annual ceremony on the 14th day of Kasada at the time of the half-moon bringing offering of crops and livestock.